Who designed the Eiffel Tower? French engineer Gustave Eiffel designed the Eiffel Tower. It was built in 1889 as the entrance arch to the World’s Fair. The tower is 324 meters tall and was the tallest man-made structure in the world until the Chrysler Building was built in New York City in 1930. The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level has an observation deck.
Who is Gustave Eiffel?
Gustave Eiffel was born in France in 1832.
He was an engineer and architect best known for designing the Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower was built in 1889 and is one of the most iconic structures in the world. It is 984 feet tall and was the tallest structure in the world until the Chrysler Building was built in 1930. Gustave Eiffel also designed the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty.
He died in 1923.
What is the Eiffel Tower for?
The Eiffel Tower is a wrought iron lattice tower on the Champ de Mars in Paris, France. It is named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World’s Fair, it has become a global icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest structure in Paris, and the most-visited paid monument in the world.
Interesting fact: 6.91 million people ascended it in 2015.
The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second levels. The top level’s upper platform is 276 m (906 ft) above the ground – the highest observation deck accessible to the public in the European Union. Tickets can be purchased to ascend by stairs or lift to the first and second levels.
The climb from ground level to the first level is over 300 steps, as is the climb from the first level to the second. Although there is a staircase to the top level, it is usually only accessible by lift.
The design of the Eiffel Tower is attributed to Maurice Koechlin and Émile Nouguier, two senior engineers working for the Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel. It was envisioned after a discussion about a suitable centerpiece for the proposed 1889 Exposition Universelle, a world’s fair to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution. Eiffel openly acknowledged that the inspiration for a tower came from the Latting Observatory, built in New York City in 1853. He said he wanted to create “something original and daring, making use of iron in a new and innovative way.”
The tower comprises four iron lattice girder sections, assembled in stages between 1887 and 1889. It was built without structural steel, as was standard at the time. The tower has a square cross-section at ground level but is octagonal above the first floor. The outer edge of each floor is supported by lattice girders, arranged as eight sets of interlocking “Y” shapes, forming a pyramidal structure when viewed from the sides.
The tower was not immediately popular with Parisians, who nicknamed it “the toothpick” and “the metal asparagus.” It was admired by many engineering and architecture students, including Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier, Adolf Loos, and Frank Lloyd Wright.
The tower was one of the first buildings in the world to use a metal frame and was also the tallest man-made structure in the world for 41 years until the completion of the Chrysler Building in New York City in 1930.
Founder of WhoDesignToday.com in 2011 as a design blog and now reinvented as an open-source community answering questions of who designed what. Gareth is an avid fan of history, design, technology, and reading.